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IEEE ICASSPW 2023 Workshop Proc ICASSP 2023 (2023). 2023 Jun;2023. doi: 10.1109/icasspw59220.2023.10193544. Epub 2023 Aug 2.


Functional interactions and anatomic connections between brain regions form the connectome. Its mathematical representation in terms of a graph reflects the inherent neuroanatomical organization into structures and regions (nodes) that are interconnected through neural fiber tracts and/or interact functionally (edges). Without knowledge of the ground truth topology of the connectome, functional (directional or nondirectional) graphs represent estimates of signal correlations, from which underlying mechanisms and processes, such as development and aging, or neuropathologies, are difficult to unravel. Biologically meaningful simulations using synthetic graphs with controllable parameters can complement real data analyses and provide critical insights into mechanisms underlying the organization of the connectome. Generative models can be highly valuable tools for creating large datasets of synthetic graphs with known topological characteristics. However, for these graphs to be meaningful, the variation of model parameters needs to be driven by real data. This paper presents a novel, data-driven approach for tuning the parameters of the generative Lancichinetti-Fortunato-Radicchi (LFR) model, using a large dataset of connectomes (n = 5566) estimated from resting-state fMRI from early adolescents in the historically large Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study (ABCD). It also presents an application, i.e., simulations using the LFR, to generate large datasets of synthetic graphs representing brains at different stages of neural maturation, and gain insights into developmental changes in their topological organization.

PMID:38690158 | PMC:PMC11057386 | DOI:10.1109/icasspw59220.2023.10193544

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